Japanese history explained

Why did the vast majority of left-wingers not protest during the Japanese fascist period?

Why was human waste the main fertilizer in the Edo period?

The increasing population and urbanisation meant that the previous method of burying leaves and grasses as compost was not enough. The lack of horses (as only the upper classes were allowed to ride them) and other animals (as most people did not eat meat) meant that humans were the main alternative source. The fact that city dwellers lived in blocks with shared toilets must have also have made this system easier than in some countries and so have lead to its development.

Why is the time when Kyoto was the real centre of political power known as the Heian period rather than the Kyoto period?

Heian (平安) was the old name for Kyoto

Why did the Japanese left wing movement die out after the sixties?

The most common explanation for this was that people focused their energy on becoming well off instead during the period of maximum economic growth, and there is some truth in this. What is more important though is that the Japanese pragmatically abandoned the protests etc. when they realized they weren’t going to work and to continue to be associated with them was to be on the losing side. As the Japanese had been on the losing side in the 40’s, most people understandably wanted to pick a winner this time round.

Why didn’t the American occupation of Iraq work out like the American occupation of Japan?

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